Sentence

  1. Subject + Predicate: Traffic is a major cause of pollution.
  2. Subject + Verb: Tom yawned.
  3. Subject + Verb + Object: Tom opened the door.
  4. Subject + Verb + Complement: Tom is ready.
  5. Subject + Verb + Adverbial: Tom lives in China.
  6. Subject + Verb + Object + Object: Tom gave me a pen.
  7. Subject + Verb + Object + Complement: Tom got a shoe wet.
  8. Subject + Verb + Object + Adverbial: Tom put the box on the table.

Complex sentence

  1. Main clause + Subordinate clause: Hong Kong's air pollution has become worse since industry expanded in the Pearl River Delta.

Tenses

  1. Simple Present
    1. e.g. The sun rises in the east.
  2. Present Continuous
    1. e.g. At this moment Tom is watching a movie.
  3. Simple Past
    1. e.g. Tom visited Macau last night.
  4. Past Continuous
    1. e.g. During the spring of 2003 Tom was travelling in China.