Sentence

  1. Subject + Predicate: Traffic is a major cause of pollution.
  2. Subject + Verb: Tom yawned.
  3. Subject + Verb + Object: Tom opened the door.
  4. Subject + Verb + Complement: Tom is ready.
  5. Subject + Verb + Adverbial: Tom lives in China.
  6. Subject + Verb + Object + Object: Tom gave me a pen.
  7. Subject + Verb + Object + Complement: Tom got a shoe wet.
  8. Subject + Verb + Object + Adverbial: Tom put the box on the table.

Complex sentence

  1. Main clause + Subordinate clause: Hong Kong's air pollution has become worse since industry expanded in the Pearl River Delta.